The Pentagram, the symbol widely recognised as representing Paganism as a whole, specifically Wicca and Witchcraft, is a five-pointed star made of five straight lines, sometimes surrounded by a perfect circle (then called a ‘pentacle’). It is the symbol of faith, as the Cross or Crucifix is to Christianity, and the Star of David is to Judaism.
It is widely accepted, although not by all, that the five points of the star represent the five elements: fire and earth, the ‘legs’; air and water, the ‘arms’; and spirit, being the upper-most point. In the case of the pentacle, where the circle is also shown, this represents all the elements being brought together as well as the many cycles of life – birth, death and rebirth.
Unlike most commonly thought, the upright pentagram (as shown above) does not represent Satanism, who use an inverted pentagram (often with the head of Baphomet pictured with it), but the inverted pentagram has been, and is still, used as a sign of second-degree initiation into Traditional Wicca (i.e. Gardnerian, Alexandrian).
An exercise that I have put to a couple of different forums over the years was to determine your own Pentagram – if earth, air, fire, water and spirit are signified by the pentagram, what would your own, personal, five points be? And, if you wish to make it a Pentacle, what does the circle surrounding it represent? They might be important things to you, like family, independence, creativity; or they might be words that describe you, who you are, like outgoing, caring, open-minded.
Think carefully – it’s trickier than you think, to pick just five! And you don’t have to stick with an earth/air/fire/water/spirit format – just five things that represent you.