Book of Shadows

Correspondences: Colours
White – The colour of the Moon, white is often used to invoke lunar energy in spellwork.  It is also symbolic of purity and light and is often used in conjunction with other colours to denote these aspects of the work we are undertaking.  Blessing rituals generally use white candles.  Because white promotes ideas of innocence, it can also be used to connote initiation and pure intentions.
Keywords: The Goddess, purity, spiritualism, peace
Black – Contrary to popular belief, black is not a colour of ‘evil’ but the colour of potential, of space and protection.  It is often used in banishment and binding spells as it is the colour denoting the dark part of the Moon as it wanes or the Dark Moon itself.
Black symbolises darkness; again, in Wicca not conceived of as ‘evil’ but as potentially creative and inward-reaching.  It is a popular colour for candles if summoning the dark goddesses such as Hecate, Kali or the Morrigan.
Keywords: Binding, protection, banishing negativity, potential.
Red – A primary colour denoting fire, passion, the will, courage and sexual energy, red is often used in love spells to summon true love.  The colour of Martian energy, red is used in spell work to summon defence against that which threatens or oppresses.  Red is also used to denote solar energy.
Keywords: Sun, intelligence, memory, study
Yellow – A primary colour, denoting matters of the mind, communication, learning, movement and beginnings, yellow is the colour of Goddesses of intellect and study such as Athena and Sarasvarti, and of apprenticeship and studenthood.  Like red, it can be used to invoke solar energy, but belongs chiefly to Mercury, planet of swift movement and communication.
Keywords: Sun, intelligence, memory, study.
Blue – A primary colour representing Water and consequently healing, harmony, love, emotions, psychic abilities, dreams and intuition, blue is linked with Neptune energy, with darkest blue sometimes symbolising Jupiter.
Keywords: Wisdom, protection, creativity, communication, water, healing, harmony, emotions, psychic abilities.
Green – The secondary colour symbolising fertility, growth, material matters and the Earth, green is also linked with Venus energy.  Green is the colour of the heart chakra and symbolic of feelings, wholeness and harmonious conjunctions.
Keywords:  Fertility, money, tree magic, growth.
Purple – In ancient times regarded as the royal colour, purple is the colour of the planet Jupiter, once seen as king of the gods.  Purple denotes spirituality, generosity, justice, serendipity and wonder.  Purple is also the colour of transformation, which links it back to its association with the element of Spirit.  A colour linked with Fortuna, goddess of the wheel of fate and chance, and with Iris, the messenger goddess of the rainbow.
Keywords: Spiritual power, psychic ability & energy, hidden knowledge.
Pink – This colour symbolises affection, affinity, friendship; pink candles are sometimes used in love spells alongside red and white to add these particular qualities to the others required of a prospective lover.
Keywords: Love, peace, romance, emotions.
Silver – Like white, symbolic of lunar energy, silver is worn by many witches in preference to gold because of the emphasis on Moon phases and other lunar symbolism within Wicca.  Silver can also symbolise the need for money in spells for wealth.  The colour for purity, protection, ice, stars, potential and fame.
Keywords: Dreams, the Goddess, intuition, telepathy, feminine power.
Gold – Gold symbolises the attributes of the Sun, including happiness, health, fulfilment, success and, according to alchemy, spiritual attainment.  Gold is often used in spells to bring health to an individual or general success to an enterprise.  To most, it represents solar energy and the God aspects.  We can used this colour better connect with the masculine energies of the universe and with attributes like leadership skills, logical thinking, conscious awareness and problem-solving.
Keywords: Wealth, the God, happiness.
Brown – The element of Earth and is symbolic of endurance and animal health.  Brown is a good colour for grounding, solidifying and strengthening.  It is also used for matters dealing with material increases, eliminating indecisiveness, improving concentration, study, telepathy, increasing financial success, locating lost property and anything to do with animal matters.
Keywords: Earth Elemental, endurance, animal health, steadiness, houses and homes, physical objects, uncertainties.
Rainbow – Strictly speaking, not one colour but multi-coloured, the rainbow has been adopted as a symbol of gay price in the West, and Iris, goddess of the rainbow, is its patron.  In Wicca the rainbow symbolises hope, the close connection between sky and earth, spirituality and physicality, and the principles of connection, coalition and unity.
Book of Shadows

Correspondences: An Introduction

Magickal correspondences are items, objects, days, colours, moon phases, oils, angels, and herbs (amongst others) used in a ritual or magickal working that match the intent or purpose of the celebration or ceremony.

So, if one was to conduct a prosperity spell, some examples for great items to use would be green candles, clover or basil, amethyst or aventurine, and the best time would be a Thursday or a Sunday, or at the time of a waxing moon. Obviously it doesn’t really matter what you use, as your intent is the main requirement, but these items and times help us to focus the intent with more clarity and add a  little more ‘oomph’ to our spellwork.

Book of Shadows

The Pentagram – What Does It Mean To You?

The Pentagram, the symbol widely recognised as representing Paganism as a whole, specifically Wicca and Witchcraft, is a five-pointed star made of five straight lines, sometimes surrounded by a perfect circle (then called a ‘pentacle’). It is the symbol of faith, as the Cross or Crucifix is to Christianity, and the Star of David is to Judaism.

It is widely accepted, although not by all, that the five points of the star represent the five elements: fire and earth, the ‘legs’; air and water, the ‘arms’; and spirit, being the upper-most point. In the case of the pentacle, where the circle is also shown, this represents all the elements being brought together as well as the many cycles of life – birth, death and rebirth.

Unlike most commonly thought, the upright pentagram (as shown above) does not represent Satanism, who use an inverted pentagram (often with the head of Baphomet pictured with it), but the inverted pentagram has been, and is still, used as a sign of second-degree initiation into Traditional Wicca (i.e. Gardnerian, Alexandrian).

An exercise that I have put to a couple of different forums over the years was to determine your own Pentagram – if earth, air, fire, water and spirit are signified by the pentagram, what would your own, personal, five points be?  And, if you wish to make it a Pentacle, what does the circle surrounding it represent?  They might be important things to you, like family, independence, creativity; or they might be words that describe you, who you are, like outgoing, caring, open-minded.

Think carefully – it’s trickier than you think, to pick just five! And you don’t have to stick with an earth/air/fire/water/spirit format – just five things that represent you.

I’d love to hear your thoughts.


Book of Shadows

Writing Your Own Spells

I’ve had numerous queries on how to write your own spells. The thing is, like recipes, there’s no “one way” on how to do this – it depends on how involved or how simple you want your spell to be. Like recipes, timing, method, ingredients are all important and need to be defined, and there can be some experimentation required if your spell doesn’t come out right the first time. Here’s some guidelines to assist you in the spellcrafting process:

    1. You first need to ask yourself the following questions:
      • What is the spell for? Remember that you need to be very specific with your intent for the spell. I’ve heard too many stories about spells gone bad – be careful what you wish for.
      • Is this something you really need to cast a spell for? In other words, is it something that could be resolved in a mundane sense? I’m a strong believer in spells being a last resort, when all other options have been exhausted. For example, if you’re casting a spell to get a new job, it might help to drop some resumes around or fill in applications as well! It’s like a lotto ticket – you can pray to win, but you have to put your numbers down first.
      • Will it harm someone, yourself included? If you have any sense, you’ll think about this carefully from a moral/ethical point of view.
      • Does it mess with someone’s free will? Free will is every person’s right – please do not go out trying to sway someone’s view.
      • How quickly are you looking for a result? Remember, a fast result may not be the best result.
      • What is the exact outcome of the spell to be? Again, being specific is key. I heard a story once about a man asking for a new car in his driveway, then slipped on his kid’s toy car in the driveway and broke his leg. Be specific.
    2. Once you’re confident that your spell can be justified, you will need to work out the components for your spell. Having the perfect correspondences aren’t always necessary, particularly in the case of spells that need to be cast quickly and “at the last minute”, but the correct timing, colours, herbs, crystals and oils can maximise the potential success of your spell. For example, if your spell is for prosperity, a green candle might be in order for you. Also think about what is available to you – if you don’t have access to a rare plant from South Africa, don’t include it in your spell! So consider the following:
    3. Is the moon phase, astrological phase or a specific day important to your spell? Going with the prosperity spell example, a Sunday or a Thursday during a waxing moon would be a better time for this sort of spell because this is traditionally a time of bringing things into your life. If your spell was to help move on from a lost love, a waning moon would be better.
    4. Indoors or outdoors? Does it even matter?

When the above correspondences have been determined, start writing out your method. Since there’s hundreds of different methods that could be used, I suggest doing a little research as to what might suit you best, whether it be candle magick, poppet magick, herbal magick, talismans & amulets, knot magick, or even your own style – it’s completely open.
Essentially, you want to work out:

      1. What you want to use.
      2. What you will do with what you make or use, as part of your spellcrafting (i.e. will you burn a piece of paper with your intention on it? Will you use the herbs in a tincture or as an incense? Will you bury the crystals?)
      3. Will you cast a circle first, calling upon the elements? Do you even feel you need to?
      4. What you want to say during your spell – you want to state your intent very clearly.
      5. And be sure to say something to the effect of “And it harm none, so mote it be” at the end – it doesn’t have to be this exact phrase, but something similar.

Be sure to write out your spell exactly how you intend on casting it, so that no steps are missed.

  1. Word it. Write down an incantation, a chant, anything to bring about your desired result. You might not necessarily wish to write out a chant; then just sit and ask the deities for their assistance in your desired outcome. And I can not stress enough to be specific!

I think this covers everything – the next step is to DO IT! And if you don’t see results within the next month or so (depending on how quickly you decided you’d like to see results), consider revisiting your spell and maybe adding something in to make it that little bit more potent. Remember that small changes may need to be made for practical purposes – you might find that something you’ve written down, like lighting a candle and saying something at the same time, doesn’t work for you – try lighting the candle first and then saying what you need to. This is all part of the trial-and-error method.

Here’s a sheet for you to write down all the required information – I highly suggest keeping record of spells you’ve written, particularly in the instance that you need to revisit it.

Spell Crafting worksheet